With the advent of toxic spills into oceans and waterways, the need for nontoxic lubricants is imperative. Nontoxic lubricants that are environment-friendly are becoming increasingly common, making the water safer for marine life and people who live near regions where vessels and boats frequent. Also, legislation often requires or even forces companies to pay attention to the impact they have on the environment – especially regarding the use of all types of oils.
A nontoxic lubricant does not contain any solvents that are harmful to the environment. Effectively facilitating the movement of sliding parts, machinery, and other equipment, nontoxic lubricants may also be biodegradable. Some lubricants will be more than 60% percent degraded in approximately 28 days but still not be a nontoxic lubricant that is environment-friendly.
Relevant key freshwater ecotox tests for PANOLIN base fluid components
Partition co-efficient solubility in water vs in octanol
The OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals are test methods used to identify and characterize potential hazards. OECD member states transpose the guidelines into national law. PANOLIN tests products according to the following guidelines, among others.
Biodegradation Test – CO2 Evolution
301B is an aerobic biodegradation test that introduces a material to an inoculum in a closed environment and measures biodegradation of the material by CO2 evolution.
Growth inhibition test with freshwater algae and cyanobacteria
The test aims for determining toxic effects of test substances on the growth of freshwater algae and/or cyanobacteria, which play a key role as primary producers in aquatic systems.
Acute Daphnia toxicity test
Daphnia are small crustaceans that are classified as zooplankton and play an important role in the aquatic ecosystem of standing waters as filter organisms. The aim of the test is to determine the impairment of the swimming ability of Daphnia magna.
Assessment of the acute toxicity of a substance to fish.
Activated sludge respiration inhibition test
The activated sludge respiratory inhibition test examines the effect of a substance on microorganisms by measuring its respiration rate under defined conditions in the presence of different concentrations of the test substance.
Terrestrial plant test
OECD 208 is a terrestrial plant test that determines seedling emergence and growth in composted material resulting from the biodegradation of a solid.
Toxicity to terrestrial nonmammalian species
This Test Guideline includes two methods: a paper contact toxicity test and an artificial soil test. The recommended specie is eisenia foetida.
Bio oils or environmentally considerate lubricants have become widespread because they are friendlier to the environment, as shown among others by the OECD test. Use of these nontoxic lubricants has increased significantly, especially in areas where water is nearby. Regarding the nontoxic lubricant, the US Environmental Protection Agency has stressed the necessity of using ecofriendly lubricants at sea. Therefore, it is mandated in the US that nontoxic lubricants be used. Additionally, the International Polar Code for ships in operating in the polar waters has stated: "...discharge into the sea of oil or oily mixtures from any ship are prohibited', as are chemicals, sewage and garbage, unless meeting stringent controls. Ballast water is also subject to controls to minimize the risk of transfer of invasive species."
Seeking use of the non-toxic lubricant due to legislation, companies are becoming more willing to insure the life and health of the environment, especially when water is involved.
As a manufacturer of nontoxic lubricants, PANOLIN is aware of the impact oils can have on waters. Eco friendliness is a core principle of PANOLIN's philosophy next to premium quality. PANOLIN nontoxic lubricants are tested by the OECD 301B test and meeting highest environmental requirements.
On top of that, PANOLIN products stick out with longevity and a wide range of applications. Whether the lubricants are to be used in various industries, all kinds of applications are possible with PANOLIN nontoxic lubricants.